Balloon Sinuplasty vs. Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Explained
October 23, 2020
Reviewed by Michael Kaplan, MD
When you experience recurring sinus problems, it’s likely that you’ll eventually find yourself researching sinus surgeries or more specifically, balloon sinuplasty vs. endoscopic sinus surgery.
Balloon sinuplasty and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) are both effective chronic sinusitis treatments that can relieve a variety of uncomfortable sinus issues. These issues can expand to include everything from nasal congestion and sinus headaches to snoring and nose whistling.
Obviously, these issues can negatively impact your day-to-day life, and sinus surgery or balloon sinuplasty can help you start living and breather better again. However, these two treatment options do vary. It’s important to understand what the differences are and to speak with your doctor regarding FESS and balloon sinuplasty in Houston.
Let’s cover the benefits and differences of balloon sinuplasty vs endoscopic sinus surgery.
General Overview: What is balloon sinuplasty and FESS?
Balloon sinuplasty is a modern and relatively new chronic sinusitis treatment that is quick, safe, and effective. The balloon sinuplasty surgery benefits include long-lasting results and an incredibly fast recovery time. The whole procedure takes less than 30 minutes in total and can be performed in-office. In fact, it’s such a minimally invasive procedure that it can be done with only IV sedation as opposed to general anesthesia.
During the procedure, a balloon catheter is used to expand your nasal passages. The sinuses are flushed, the balloon is deflated and removed, and the procedure is complete.
Learn more: IV sedation for balloon sinuplasty
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
FESS is an outpatient procedure that can last up to two hours and does require general anesthesia. This is because endoscopic sinus surgery requires the cutting and removal of bone and tissue in order to clear up your sinus passages. This removal will allow for better drainage, less blockage, and improved breathing.
The differences: Balloon sinuplasty vs. endoscopic sinus surgery
Whether you should undergo balloon sinuplasty or endoscopic sinus surgery will be based on your individual circumstances and experiences. Here are the most important differences and similarities between the two treatment options.
The procedure itself
The primary difference between these two treatment options is the procedure itself and what’s involved. With FESS, there is cutting and removal of tissue and bone required. With balloon sinuplasty, there is no cutting and removal required. Because of this, there is a difference in whether or not general anesthesia is used, how long the treatment takes, and whether or not the treatment can be completed in-office. While both procedures are safe and effective, balloon sinuplasty is certainly less invasive than FESS.
FAQ: Are you put to sleep during balloon sinuplasty?
Patients are not typically put to sleep during balloon sinuplasty. Instead, many patients opt to use IV sedation, which leaves most patients in a “twilight sleep.” In this state, patients are awake and can respond to a doctor’s questions, but the vast majority of patients do not remember the procedure afterward.
FAQ: Is endoscopic sinus surgery painful?
During the procedure itself, patients will be asleep. However, during recovery, patients will likely experience some discomfort. Since traditional sinus surgeries such as FESS do involve the cutting of bone or tissue, patients will need to use packing. However, your doctor will prescribe you pain medication to help you throughout the duration of your recovery from the procedure.
While it takes your nose 1-2 days to fully heal after balloon sinuplasty, patients are typically able to return to non-strenuous activities 48 hours after the procedure. With FESS, you will likely need to take more time off of work (generally up to 1 week) and it will take 1-3 weeks for your nose to feel fully recovered. Light bleeding and swelling can be experienced post-procedure in either treatment option.
Both treatment options are meant to improve drainage, remove blockage, and better your life. The main goal is to open up your sinus passages, so you can breathe better and suffer from fewer sinus complications.
Since balloon sinuplasty is less invasive and requires a shorter recovery time, why would a patient opt to have endoscopic sinus surgery? While balloon sinuplasty can help with a very wide variety of sinus and sinus infection related issues, very severe sinus problems may require the more invasive approach of FESS. Traditional sinus surgeries such as FESS, although more invasive than balloon sinuplasty, are still safe and effective treatment options that patients with severe sinus issues may wish to consider.
Want to learn more about balloon sinuplasty vs. endoscopic sinus surgery?
If you’re suffering from chronic sinusitis, let’s talk. At Kaplan Sinus Relief, we help the people of Houston breath better every day through procedures like balloon sinuplasty and endoscopic sinus surgery. We have the skill you need to experience the lasting benefits of traditional and new sinus surgeries.
To request an appointment, call us at 713-766-1818 or contact us online today.
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